Women In History - Historical Figures
Wife of John Adams, 2nd President of the United States and mother of John Quincy Adams, 6th President. Known for her letters and opinions on society.
Social Activist, founder of Hull House, charter member of the NAACP, Nobel Peace Prize winner and labor union organizer.
Seamstress, servant, teacher, Civil War nurse, and finally, author and novelist
First African American to sing leading role with Metropolitan Opera, delegate to U.N.
Napoleon of the women's suffrage movement, mother of the 19th Amendment, abolitionist
African-American international star, civil rights activist, World War II heroine
African-American educator, newspaperwoman, anti-lynching campaigner, founder NAACP
Civil War nurse, founder of the American Red Cross
African-American educator, founder of Bethune-Cookman College, Daytona Beach, Florida, Presidential advisor, recipient of Spingarn Medal
African-American Union spy in the Confederate White House
Titanic survivor and a woman who was determined to break the rules of "high society"
Margret Manor Butler (1898-1971)
A lone woman in the wilds of the Rocky Mountain west
Marine biologist, science writer, and environmentalist
African-American born pioneer journalist and lecturer
Suffragette, founder of the League of Women Voters
American civil aviator, African American
Mother of modern dance
Aviatrix, first woman to be a passenger on a transatlantic flight and co-navigated the first round-the-world flight.
Ruth Etting (1897-1978)
Singing star and actress of the 1920s and 1930s, who had over 60 hit recordings and worked in stage, radio, and film.
Betty Ford (1918-2011)
Wife of President Gerald Ford, first lady of the United States from 1974-1977
Emma Goldman (1869-1940)
Vilified in her day as the "most dangerous woman in America," this Russian emigrant earned her title, “Queen of the Anarchists” as labor leader, lecturer, writer, women’s rights activist and free love advocate
African-American sharecropper turned civil rights worker and founder of the MS Freedom Democratic Party
Sally Hemings (1773-1835) is one of the most famous African American women in U.S. history.
Computer pioneer and the oldest officer in active duty when she retired in 1986
In the golden age of Hollywood, Hedda could make or break careers. Gossip was her business and J. Edgar Hoover was her pen pal
A Puritan woman who defied the male-dominated Massachusetts Bay Colony and after banishment helped settle Rhode Island and New York
Extraordinary gospel singer and the first African-American woman to gain national acclaim for gospel music
Irish immigrant who lost her family to yellow fever and became the self-proclaimed mother and “hell-raiser” for the downtrodden American laborer, especially children
Personal maid, best friend and confidant to Mary Todd Lincoln. Wrote tell-all book after leaving Mrs. Lincoln's employ
Wife of President Abraham Lincoln, misrepresented by popular history and maligned by her peers
Founder of the American Girl Scouts
Lucretia Mott (1793-1880)
Quaker suffragist, abolitionist, pacifist, cousin of Benjamin Franklin.
Louise Nevelson (1899-1988)
Russian born New York sculptor famous for her shadow box, wall sculptures and her flamboyant personality
Famed American artist who defied convention in both her art and her private life
Hollywood gossip columnist, who dominated Hollywood's Golden Era. Louella's relationship with William Randoph Hearst and her own three marriages made her life as stormy as any Hollywood movie
The woman who rescued the woman suffrage movement (1910) and made sure women got the vote
Civil rights activist, know for refusing to give up her bus seat
Born Mary Ludwig, this revolutionary heroine followed the Continental Army for more than 3 years, doing what was needed to free the colonies from the tyranny of England
Joan Rivers (1933-2014)
Comedian, actress, writer, producer, television host
Wife of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, first activist First Lady
African American sprinter, track star Olympiad
First president of the National Woman's Suffrage Association
Helen Keller's teacher
African-American lecturer, suffragette, civil rights leader
African-American abolitionist, Civil War nurse, suffragette
Underground Railroad conductor, Army scout, African-American suffragette
Crazy Bet, an abolitionist in the South during the Civil War, who feigned insanity to help free slaves and help the Union Army
Dorothy Vaughan (1910-2008)
African American mathmatician and human computer featured in the movie "Hidden Figures"
African-American entrepreneur, millionaire and philanthropist
Prisoner of war during the Civil War, writer, doctor, fashion trend-setter and the only female to receive the Medal of Honor
First woman to earn a million dollars in the movie business
Famed children’s author and “storyteller of the prairie”